This is a high-priority resource ACEP staff are compiling on an urgent basis and is not meant for public dissemination. Recommendations and guidelines referenced here are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not indicate an exclusive course of treatment, nor do they serve as a standard of medical care. Variations in treatment may be required, based on individual circumstances, and the information here may need to be adapted based on clinical judgment and availability of resources. Not all suggestions are evidence based.
ACEP specifically disclaims all liability for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages related to the implementation of the recommendations and guidelines referenced herein.
Sam Shahid, MBBS, MPH
Practice Management Manager
American College of Emergency Physicians
Note: Sections that do not list authors were written and compiled by ACEP staff.
Last updated on September 8, 2020.