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June 29, 2020

COVID-19 Recent Literature, Organized by Topic

As new literature is published, we will continue to update this list.

Quick Links for COVID-19 publications: 

JACEP Open | Annals of Emergency Medicine | ACEP Now | BMJ | JAMA | Lancet | NEJM | NIH/NLM | COVID-19 Lit Library - UCSF | NAM | AAAS

Clinical Assessment & Management

  • June 22 - medRxiv: Effect of Dexamethasone in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19: Preliminary Report
  • June 19 - Lancet: Feasibility and physiological effects of prone positioning in non-intubated patients with acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19 (PRON-COVID): a prospective cohort study
  • June 16 - Acta Paediatrica: Appropriate care for neonates born to mothers with COVID‐19 disease.
  • June 3 - JAMA: Effect of Convalescent Plasma Therapy on Time to Clinical Improvement in Patients With Severe and Life-threatening COVID-19. A Randomized Clinical Trial
  • May - Annals of EM: Accuracy of Emergency Department clinical findings for diagnostic of coronavirus disease-2019
  • May 25 - The Lancet: Caution against corticosteroid-based COVID-19 treatment
  • May 22 - The Lancet: Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: a multinational registry analysis
  • May 22 - NEJM: Remdesivir for the Treatment of Covid-19 — Preliminary Report
  • May 15 - JAMA: Use of Prone Positioning in Nonintubated Patients With COVID-19 and Hypoxemic Acute Respiratory Failure
  • May 15 - NEJM: Severe COVID-19
  • May 15 - JAMA: Use of Prone Positioning in Nonintubated Patients With COVID-19 and Hypoxemic Acute Respiratory Failure
  • May 14 - Radiology: Clinical and Chest Radiography Features Determine Patient Outcomes In Young and Middle Age Adults with COVID-19
  • May 14 - MedRxiv: Development and validation of the COVID-19 severity index (CSI): a prognostic tool for early respiratory decompensation
  • May 12 - JAMA: Development and Validation of a Clinical Risk Score to Predict the Occurrence of Critical Illness in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19
  • May 11 - JAMA: Association of Treatment With Hydroxychloroquine or Azithromycin With In-Hospital Mortality in Patients With COVID-19 in New York State
  • May 9 - EMA: CLUE: COVID‐19 Lung Ultrasound in Emergency Department
  • May 7 - NEJM: Observational Study of Hydroxychloroquine in Hospitalized Patients with Covid-19
  • May 5 - JAMA: Association of Use of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers With Testing Positive for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • April 28 - NEJM: Large-Vessel Stroke as a Presenting Feature of Covid-19 in the Young
  • April 28 - Lancet: Considerations for ventilator triage during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • April 24 - JAMA: Management of COVID-19 Respiratory Distress
  • April 24 - NEJM: Mild or Moderate Covid-19
  • April 24 - JAMA: Effect of High vs Low Doses of Chloroquine Diphosphate as Adjunctive Therapy for Patients Hospitalized With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Infection. A Randomized Clinical Trial
  • April 22 - ICM: Thrombotic events in SARS-CoV-2 patients: an urgent call for ultrasound screening
  • April 22 - JAMA: Presenting Characteristics, Comorbidities, and Outcomes Among 5700 Patients Hospitalized With COVID-19 in the New York City Area
  • April 22 - JAMA: Alterations in Smell or Taste in Mildly Symptomatic Outpatients With SARS-CoV-2 Infection
  • April 22 - SAEM: Early Self‐Proning in Awake, Non‐intubated Patients in the Emergency Department: A Single ED’s Experience during the COVID‐19 Pandemic
  • April 9 - Annals of EM: A Brief Review of Lung Ultrasound in COVID-19: Is it Useful?
  • April 7 - BMJ: Prediction models for diagnosis and prognosis of covid-19 infection: systematic review and critical appraisal
  • April 1 - JAMA: Testing Individuals for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • April 1 - JAMA: Potential Legal Liability for Withdrawing or Withholding Ventilators During COVID-19
  • March 29 - American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine: An Index Combining Respiratory Rate and Oxygenation to Predict Outcome of Nasal High-Flow Therapy.
  • March 27 - JAMA: The Importance of Addressing Advance Care Planning and Decisions About Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders During Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)
  • March 27 - JAMA: Treatment of 5 Critically Ill Patients With COVID-19 With Convalescent Plasma
  • March 27 - JAMA: The Importance of Addressing Advance Care Planning and Decisions About Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders During Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19)
  • March 26 - BMJ: Clinical characteristics of 113 deceased patients with coronavirus disease 2019: retrospective study
  • March 25 - JACEP Open: Pragmatic Recommendations for Intubating Critically Ill Patients with Suspected COVID‐19
  • March 25 - JGH: COVID‐19 and the Digestive System
  • March 24 – JAMA: Treating COVID-19—Off-Label Drug Use, Compassionate Use, and Randomized Clinical Trials During Pandemics
  • March 24 – BMJ: COVID-19: Most patients require mechanical ventilation in first 24 hours of critical care
  • March 23 – NEJM: Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of COVID-19 
  • March 23 - Critical Care: Prone positioning combined with high-flow nasal cannula in severe noninfectious ARDS
  • March 18 - Annals of Intensive Care: Lower mortality of COVID-19 by early recognition and intervention: experience from Jiangsu Province
  • March 17 – Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Considerations for Patients, Health Care Workers, and Health Systems During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic
  • March 16 – JAMA: Epidemiologic Features and Clinical Course of Patients Infected With SARS-CoV-2 in Singapore
  • March 14 – Intensive Care Med: Findings of lung ultrasonography of novel corona virus pneumonia during the 2019–2020 epidemic
  • March 13 - JAMARisk Factors Associated with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Death in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia in Wuhan, China
  • March 11 – JAMA: Care for Critically Ill Patients with COVID-19
  • Military Medical Research: A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia
  • Chinese Journal of Critical Care & Intensive Care Medicine: Norms and Advice | Expert advice on Procedure of Respiratory Therapy for Severe Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia
  • March 5 – Nature: Cardiology: COVID-19 and the cardiovascular system
  • Jan. 30 - Critical Care: Efficacy and safety of early prone positioning combined with HFNC or NIV in moderate to severe ARDS: a multi-center prospective cohort study


  • June 26 - medRxiv: Hypoferremia predicts hospitalization and oxygen demand in COVID-19 patients
  • June 23 - Science: A mathematical model reveals the influence of population heterogeneity on herd immunity to SARS-CoV-2
  • June 18 - Nature: Clinical and immunological assessment of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections
  • June 13 - Annals of EM: COVID-19 Seroconversion in Emergency Professionals at an Urban Academic Emergency Department in New York City
  • June 10 - JAMA: The Importance of Proper Death Certification During the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • June 3 - Journal of Medical Virology: Potential Neuroinvasive Pathways of SARS‐CoV‐2: Deciphering the Spectrum of Neurological Deficit Seen in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‐19)
  • June 3 - Annals of Internal Medicine: Prevalence of Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection
  • June 1 - Lancet: Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis
  • May 29 - Lancet: Mortality and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing surgery with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection: an international cohort study
  • May 27 - BMJ: Covid-19 related hospital admissions in the United States: Needs and outcomes
  • May 26 - JAMA: Translating Science on COVID-19 to Improve Clinical Care and Support the Public Health Response
  • May 26 - JAMA: Adverse Consequences of Rushing a SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine
  • May 22 - BMJ: Factors associated with hospital admission and critical illness among 5279 people with coronavirus disease 2019 in New York City: prospective cohort study
  • May 22 - BMJ: Features of 20 133 UK patients in hospital with covid-19 using the ISARIC WHO Clinical Characterisation Protocol: prospective observational cohort study
  • May 15 - BMJ: The UK’s public health response to covid-19
  • May 14 - JAMA: Assessment of Deaths From COVID-19 and From Seasonal Influenza
  • May 11 - JAMA: COVID-19 and Postinfection Immunity
  • May 11 - JAMA: Characteristics and Outcomes of Children With COVID-19 Infection Admitted to US and Canadian PICUs
  • May 5 - Science: Rapid implementation of mobile technology for real-time epidemiology of COVID-19
  • April 29 - JAMA: Variation in COVID-19 Hospitalizations and Deaths Across New York City Boroughs
  • April 27 - medRxiv: Relative disease burdens of COVID-19 and seasonal influenza in New York City, February
  • April 27 - BMJ: Mitigating the wider health effects of covid-19 pandemic response
  • April 21 - BMJ: Viral load dynamics and disease severity in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Zhejiang province, China, January-March 2020: retrospective cohort study
  • April 20 - Chest: A National Strategy for Ventilator and ICU Resource Allocation During the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • April 20 - BMJ: Is ethnicity linked to incidence or outcomes of covid-19?
  • April 17 - JAMA: From Mitigation to Containment of the COVID-19 PandemicPutting the SARS-CoV-2 Genie Back in the Bottle
  • April 17 - NEJM: Clinical Characteristics of Pregnant Women with Covid-19 in Wuhan, China
  • April 15 - Nature MedicineTemporal dynamics in viral shedding and transmissibility of COVID-19
  • April 15 - JAMA -Rates of Co-infection Between SARS-CoV-2 and Other Respiratory Pathogens
  • April 10 - JAMA: The Mental Health Consequences of COVID-19 and Physical DistancingThe Need for Prevention and Early Intervention
  • April 9 - JAMA: Food Safety & COVID-19
  • April 2 - JAMA: Governmental Public Health Powers During the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • March 30 - The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis
  • March 27 - NEJM: Epidemiology of Covid-19 in a Long-Term Care Facility in King County, Washington
  • March 27 -  NEJM: Undocumented U.S. Immigrants & COVID-19
  • March 26 - NEJM: COVID-19: Navigating the Uncharted
  • March 26 - BMJ: COVID-19: What treatments are being investigated?
  • March 26 - JAMA: Turbulent Gas Clouds and Respiratory Pathogen Emissions. Potential Implications for Reducing Transmission of COVID-19
  • March 26 - McMaster Textbook of Internal Medicine: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • March 25 - JACEP Open: COVID-19 in Seattle: Early Lessons Learned
  • March 25 - NEJM: Novel Coronavirus and Old Lessons — Preparing the Health System for the Pandemic
  • March 25 – NEJM: Critical Supply Shortages — The Need for Ventilators and Personal Protective Equipment during the Covid-19 Pandemic 
  • March 25 – JAMA: Postacute Care Preparedness for COVID-19 
  • March 23 – JAMA: Social Media and Emergency Preparedness in Response to Novel Coronavirus
  • March 20 - JAMA Editorial: Conserving Supply of Personal Protective Equipment—A Call for Ideas
  • March 13 – CDC Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Surveillance and Containment Measures for the First 100 Patients with COVID-19 in Singapore
  • March 13 JAMA Pediatrics: What Does the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Mean for Families?
  • BMJ: A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers
  • March 3 – JAMA: Epidemiologic Features and Clinical Course of Patients Infected With SARS-CoV-2 in Singapore


  • NIH: COVID-19 Funding & Funding Opportunities
  • WHO: Global Research on COVID-19
  • NIH: Notice of Intent: New Funding Opportunity Announcement to Support Novel, High-Impact Studies Evaluating Health System and Healthcare Professional Responsiveness to COVID-19
  • NIH: Notice of Intent: Revision Supplements to Existing AHRQ Grants and Cooperative Agreements to Address Health System Responsiveness to COVID-19
  • NIH: COVID-19 Information for NIH Applicants and Recipients of NIH Funding


  • May 12 - SAEM: Symptom Criteria for COVID-19 Testing of Heath Care Workers
  • May 6 - JAMA: Interpreting Diagnostic Tests for SARS-CoV-2
  • April 17 - JAMA: The Promise and Peril of Antibody Testing for COVID-19
  • March 13 – CDC: Evaluating and Testing Persons for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Health IT

  • April 2 - JAMIA: Electronic Personal Protective Equipment: A Strategy to Protect Emergency Department Providers in the Age of COVID-19


  • May 15 - BMJ: Covid-19: Rest and PPE reassurance are needed before NHS services can restart, MPs hear
  • May 14 - Lancet: Personal protective equipment needs in the USA during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • May 12 - JAMA: Personal Protective Equipment Shortages During COVID-19—Supply Chain–Related Causes and Mitigation Strategies
  • May 6 - AJEM: Use of drape/patient covering during potentially aerosolizing procedures
  • May 5 - medRxiv: Risk of symptomatic Covid-19 among frontline healthcare workers
  • April 27 - JAMA: Exposure to a Surrogate Measure of Contamination From Simulated Patients by Emergency Department Personnel Wearing Personal Protective Equipment
  • March 23 – JAMA - Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019
  • March 16 – Journal of Hospital Infection: Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents
  • March 16 – CDC: Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Patients with Suspected or Confirmed Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Healthcare Settings

ED, Hospital

  • May 27 - BMJ: Emergency department preparation for COVID-19: accelerated care units
  • March 20 – CCM Journal: Surviving Sepsis Campaign: Guidelines on the Management of Critically Ill Adults with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • March 18 – JAMA: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Italy
  • March 14 – JAMA: Critical Care Utilization for the COVID-19 Outbreak in Lombardy, Italy 
  • March 13 – National Academy of Medicine: Duty to Plan: Health Care, Crisis Standards of Care, and Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2

Federal Updates

  • March 19 – CDC: Recommended Guidance for Extended Use and Limited Reuse of N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirators in Healthcare Settings


  • June 19 - Lancet: Ethnic disparities in COVID-19 mortality: are comorbidities to blame?
  • June 3 - EClinical Medicine: The impact of ethnicity on clinical outcomes in COVID-19: A systematic review
  • June 1 - JAMA: The Urgency and Challenge of Opening K-12 Schools in the Fall of 2020
  • May 26 - NEJM: “Is It Safe for Me to Go to Work?” Risk Stratification for Workers during the Covid-19 Pandemic
  • May 6 - NEJM: Racial Health Disparities and Covid-19 — Caution and Context
  • April 24 - NEJM: Transforming ORs into ICUs
  • April 16 - Disaster Medicine & Public Health Preparedness: Allocation of Scarce Resources in a Pandemic: A Systematic Review of U.S. State Crisis Standards of Care Documents
  • April 15 - The Lancet: Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science
  • April 7 - Annals of IM: Locally Informed Simulation to Predict Hospital Capacity Needs During the COVID-19 Pandemic
  • March 17 – NEJM: Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1
  • March 17 – JAMA: Managing COVID-19 in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
  • March 16 – The Lancet: How will country-based mitigation measures influence the course of the COVID-19 epidemic?
  • March 15 – JAMA: Supporting the Health Care Workforce During the COVID-19 Global Epidemic
  • March 14 – NEJM: Virtually Perfect? Telemedicine for Covid-19

EMS, Disaster

  • May 2020 - West JEM: Alternative Care Sites
  • May 2020 - West JEM: Augmenting the disaster healthcare workforce
    May 2020 - West JEM: Healthcare ethics during a pandemic
  • March 16 – Crisis Standards of Care: A Systems Framework for Catastrophic Disaster Response
  • March 13 – CDC: Interim Guidance for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems and 911 Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) for COVID-19 in the United States


  • June 29 - JAMA: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children in New York State
  • June 22 - Pediatrics: Children with COVID-19 at a specialist centre: initial experience and outcome
  • May 20 - JAMA: Nasal ACE2 Levels and COVID-19 in Children


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