No part of Annals of Emergency Medicine may be reproduced, stored, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or the Copyright Clearance Center.
This journal has been registered with Copyright Clearance Center, Inc, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. Consent is given for the copying of articles for personal or internal use of specific clients. This consent is given on the condition that the copier pay directly to the Center the per-copy fee stated on the first page of each article for copying beyond that permitted by US copyright law. This consent does not extend to other kinds of copying, such as for general distribution, resale, advertising, and promotional purposes, or for creating new collective works.
All inquiries regarding copyright material from this publication other than those that can be handled through the Center, should be directed, in writing (include complete citation, number of copies, and use) to, Permissions, Elsevier, 1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd., Suite 1800, Philadelphia, PA, 19103-2899; phone 215-239-3804; fax 215-239-3805; e-mail email@example.com; online request form available at: www.elsevier.com/locate/permissions.